High School Oratorical Program
A Constitutional Speech Contest
The purpose of The American Legion High School Oratorical Scholarship Program is to develop a deeper knowledge and appreciation of the Constitution of the United States among high school students. Other objectives of the contest include the development of leadership qualities, the ability to think and speak clearly and intelligently, and the preparation for acceptance of the duties and responsibilities, rights, and privileges of American citizenship.
2022-2023 Department of Iowa Contest Completion Dates
Local Contests must be completed by December 4, 2022
County Contests must be completed by December 18, 2022
District Contests must be completed by January 15, 2023 (top 2 contestants may advance to area)
Area Contests must be completed by January 29, 2023
PLEASE NOTE: These contests DO NOT have to take place on the completion dates (Sundays).
2023 Department Contest will be conducted on Sunday, February 12, 2023 at 8:00 AM. The contest will be held at the Holiday Inn Des Moines-Aiport & Conference Center.
2023 National Finals will be April 21 – 23 in Indianapolis at the Wyndham Indianapolis West Hotel. Quarterfinal and semifinal contests are scheduled for Saturday, April 22 with the finals scheduled for Sunday, April 23. For an updated schedule, visit here.
Eligible participants in the contest shall be citizens of or lawful permanent residents of the United States.
All contestants must be bona fide students herein described as any student under the age of 20 years on the date of the national contest who is presently enrolled in a high school or junior high school (public, parochial, military, private or homeschool), commencing with grade 9 and terminating with grade 12. Students must be enrolled in high school or junior high school during the time of participation at any level of the contest.
High school students that graduate early during the school year are eligible to compete if they are not enrolled in a college, university, trade school or other institution of higher learning at the time of the department finals contest.
Contestants must either be legally domiciled within or attend an educational institution within the department (state) where they enter the competition. Contestants can enter the competition in only one department.
The three finalists of the national contest will be ineligible for further participation at any level.
The American Legion National High School Oratorical Contest begins with contests at the post level. For more information on participating, contact your local American Legion Post, email to email@example.com, or, call Department Headquarters at 800-365-8387.
Awards and Scholarships
Post, County, and District Levels: Varies by location
- $50 awarded by The American Legion of Iowa for expenses.
- $200 will be awarded to 2nd and 3rd place finishers and $100 awarded to 4th, 5th, and 6th place finishers to contestants in the Area Contests.
Department (State) Contest: Matching scholarships provided by The American Legion of Iowa and The American Legion of Iowa Foundation:
The 2021 National Finals are April 9-11 in Indianapolis, at the Wyndham Indianapolis West Hotel, 2544 Executive Drive, Indianapolis, Indiana 46241, (317) 248-2481. Quarterfinal and semifinal contests are scheduled for Saturday, April 10, with the finals scheduled for Sunday, April 11.
All contestants and chaperones will arrive on the Friday of the contest weekend. All contestants and chaperones will stay at the official contest hotel.
A mandatory pre-contest orientation session for all contestants will take place on the Friday evening of the contest weekend. A banquet honoring all contestants will be Sunday afternoon, following the national championship contest. All contestants and chaperones will depart for home later that afternoon.
Final Round of the National Contest:
1st Place: $25,000
2nd Place: $22,500
3rd Place: $20,000
The prepared oration must be on some aspect of the Constitution of the United States with emphasis on the duties and obligations of a citizen to our government. The same subject and oration will be used at all levels of the contest.
The prepared oration must be the original effort of each contestant and must not take up less than eight minutes or more than 10 minutes for delivery.
Contestants may have in their possession a copy of their prepared oration in the first holding room. The copy may be in electronic or paper form. They may consult the copy of their prepared oration until they exit the holding room in order to begin the contest, at which time the copy of the prepared oration will be surrendered to the contest official who is monitoring the first holding room.
The assigned topic discourse must not consume less than three (3) minutes or more than five (5) minutes for delivery. The purpose of the assigned topic discourse is to test the speaker’s knowledge of the subject, the extent of his or her research, and the ability to discuss the topic as related to the basic principles of government under the Constitution.
The assigned topic shall be drawn by the contest official in full view of the audience immediately before the last speaker begins delivery of his or her prepared oration and will be made known to the audience and each contestant approximately five (5) minutes prior to the time of delivery. The topic will be on some phase of the U.S. Constitution, selected from Articles and Sections as listed under assigned topics for the current year’s contest in this brochure.
All contestants at each contest level are required to speak in the English language on the same assigned topic.
Assigned Topics for 2023 Oratorical Contest
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Amendment XIV, Section 1
All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Oratorical Contest Rules and Regulations
Rules and regulations for the contest may be found in the following documents:
Downloads and Other Resources
Oratorical Chairman Guide (PDF)
Oratorical Assigned Topics (PDF)
Oratorical Brochure (PDF)
Oratorical Flyer (PDF)
Oratorical Contest Dates (PDF)
Oratorical Judges Briefing (PDF)
Oratorical Judges Scorecard (PDF)
Oratorical Prepared Oration Scratch Talley Sheet (PDF)
Oratorical Assigned Topic Scratch Talley Sheet (PDF)
Oratorical Tabulation Program (Excel)
Oratorical: How To Conduct The Contest (link)